November 14, 2018


In order to become an excellent shot, you need to first master the fundamentals of shooting a gun. Here are the eight fundamentals you should master.


  1. Position or Stance

A good shooting stance provides a strong, stable foundation that feels natural, which is critical for accuracy and ease of movement. The most commonly used shooting stance is known as the Isosceles stance. This is a naturally defensive stance that is strong, allows you to move and react quickly, and draw with efficiency.

  • Stand facing the target with your feet shoulder width apart and shoulders squared.
  • Bend your knees and lean slightly forward.
  • Extend the handgun fully toward the target keeping your arms straight and locked.


  1. Griping Your Gun

From the time you draw your gun from your holster until your re-holster, your grip should remain the same.

  • As you reach for your handgun in your holster with your strong hand, simultaneously bring your weak hand up about even with the solarplex.
  • Place the ” the web of the hand between the thumb and index finger of your strong hand high on the back strap of the pistol.
  • As the pistol is being drawn from the holster, wrap your last 3 fingers around the grip of the pistol and below the trigger guard.
  • Keep the index finger straight along the slide of the pistol and off trigger.


The key to mastering your grip is practicing it over and over again the same way every time so that your grip is always consistent. That way, you get used to the gun’s recoil and learn to control it. Once you can control the recoil of the gun you can improve your speed.


  1. Draw or Presentation

The aim of drawing or presenting your firearm is to get into your shooting stance, clear the holster with your gun and line up your target in one smooth fluid motion.

  • As the gun muzzle clears your holster, pivoted it toward the target and bring it up even with the solarplex.
  • Your Weak hand should meet your gun hand at the solarplex. to form a two handed grip on the pistol. Weak hand fingers wrap around gun hand fingers, below the trigger guard. Strong hand thumb lies underneath the safety and on top of weak hand thumb. Both thumbs should be relaxed and parallel to the slide.
  • As you extend the gun out toward the target, disengage the safety. Bring the pistol up to eye level to establish sight alignment and sight picture. Your index finger should be on trigger ready to fire.
  • Both arms can be straight or weak arm can be slightly bent.


  1. Sight Alignment/Sight Picture

If you just look at your target and shoot, chances are pretty good that you will not hit the target. You need to line up your shot by properly aligning your sights and placing them on the target. Sight alignment is the front sight viewed through the rear sight with them equally spaced and even across the top. Sight picture is the aligned sights placed properly on the intended target.


In order for the bullet to hit the center of the target, the shooter must accurately aim the gun and give the barrel a definite direction relative to the target. Accurate aiming is achieved when the shooter places, in exact alignment, the rear sight with the top and sides of the front sight and holds them in alignment in the aiming area.


  1. Control Your Breathing

It is a natural reaction, when you are panicked and the adrenaline is pumping, to either hold your breath or breath too rapidly.  Both can affect your reflexes negatively. Your eyes have a hard time staying focused, your mind loses clarity, manual dexterity diminishes as muscles begin to tremor and your speech and hearing are impaired. Take long deep breaths to regain focus, recover and keep the oxygen flowing properly through your body.


  1. Trigger Control

Trigger control is the skillful manipulation of the trigger, which causes the pistol or rifle to fire while maintaining sight alignment and sight picture.

  • Even, crisp pressure applied to move the trigger straight to the rear of the pistol, isolating the movement of the trigger finger.
  • Maintaining sight alignment and sight picture, do not stop, hesitate or pause. Make one smooth press. Let the shot surprise you.
  • When the shot is fired immediately, regain sight alignment and sight picture and prepare for the next shot in precisely the same way.


Not only is the trigger press itself crucial, but also the placement of the trigger finger as well. Too much trigger finger on the trigger (Trigger finger too far inside the trigger guard) can pull shots toward your strong side. Too little trigger finger on the trigger can cause shots to be pushed to your weak side.


  1. Follow Through

Just because you pulled the trigger, it does not mean you are done shooting. Continue to watch through the front sight to be sure the gun fired.


  1. Recovery

In a life-threatening situation, you may have to fire multiple shots in order to stop an attacker. There could be more than one attacker.  You need to be prepared to scan the area to be sure your attacker is no longer a threat and that no other attackers are present. Then you must prepare to shoot again if necessary. Keep your gun drawn until police arrive at the scene, then re-holster your gun and follow their directions.