DIY Gunsmithing

May 13, 2019


When it comes to general maintenance and light repair, you don’t have to take your gun to a licensed repairman for every job. There are a lot of things you can do safely at home.

Thorough inspection and cleaning of your weapon will bring its own rewards.

Field Stripping

You can learn how to field strip your weapon for easy cleaning and lubing after you’ve been in the range. The first step is to completely disassemble your pistol and get it ready for cleaning.


Guns  should be stripped and cleaned  every two to three hundred rounds.


After full disassembly cleaning should be accompanied by adding a copper solvent every thousand rounds.

There are several steps to cleaning your  handgun.

First assemble the materials. You will need:

  1. A cleaning solvent
  2. Gun oil or equivalent lubricant
  3. A cleaning brush for the barrel
  4. Patches and a patch holder
  5. A cleaning rod
  6. A nylon brush
  7. A flashlight
  8. Q-tips
  9. Microfiber polishing cloths
  10. Muzzle guard


Other cleaning supplies you might consider adding:

  1. Barrel snake
  2. Ultrasonic cleaners


Next, make sure your gun is unloaded. Remove the magazine. Check for a round in the chamber and remove it. Sight through the barrel to confirm it is empty.

Now it’s time to disassemble your weapon. You can follow the manufacturer’s directions or you can do what you learned at your gun safety course.


When the gun is disassembled, you will have access all parts that become dirty from firing.


Your handgun will most likely disassemble to the barrel, the slide, the guide rod, frame, and magazine.


Don’t take your weapon farther apart than you have to. The exception would be if it had to be repaired.


Location is important. Choose a place where you can lay out your gun parts and cleaning supplies. It must be well ventilated because those solvent fumes are noxious.

Solvent and lubricant also smell bad!

Cover the table on which you are working with plastic bags, or newspapers, rags, or old towels.

Your first job once the gun is disassembled, is to use the cleaning rod and cleaning patches to clean out the barrel. Soak the bore (inside of the barrel). Work from the back of the bore and use a muzzle guard to keep the cleaning rod from hitting the muzzle.            

Soak a patch with solvent. Push it through the bore. Discard when it comes out the end.

Run the bore brush back and forth along the full length of the bore several times to loosen dirt. Then again run a patch soaked in solvent through the bore. Repeat this using a new patch each time until the patch comes out clean. Finish by running one more dry patch through the bore to dry it out.

Next lubricate the barrel. Attach a cotton rag to the cleaning rod. Add a few drops of gun conditioner to the rag. Run it through the bore. This will leave a light coating of gun oil inside.

Now apply solvent to your gun brush. Brush all parts of your gun’s action. Wipe clean with a soft cloth.

Lubricate the moving parts lightly to prevent rust. Use a very small amount. You don’t want your gun to get gummy or attract debrissss.

You’re nearly finished with the cleaning. Wipe down the parts with an old t-shirt or towel or a polishing cloth. Discard or wash this after it is used.

Gun Maintenance


  1. Clean your weapon after you use it. Guns aren’t cheap. You bought it for protection. It pays to look after your equipment.
  2. Cleaning—once you get efficient at doing it—can be done effectively in a quarter to half an hour.
  3. Store cleaning supplies in a cupboard or container near where you will use them.
  4. Adding a barrel snake or ultrasonic cleaners will make cleaning faster and more efficient.


Storing Your Weapon

Be sure your weapon is unloaded. The best place to store your gun to ensure it is in good working order is in a cool, dry, locked cabinet, room, or gun safe.

You can also  buy a hard or soft gun case to keep your gun in mint condition.